The job market is a harsh one for workers in China.
In 2016, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated that more than 4.5 million Chinese workers were on the job without a steady paycheck.
Some of those were temporary workers, who were paid at the beginning of the year and could work as long as they had a job.
Others were full-time employees with their own schedules.
But for the vast majority of them, their employers would pay for the cost of living to cover the cost to keep them working, with little to no overtime.
It was the Chinese government’s way of keeping people employed, but it was also a way to punish them.
That was the conclusion of a study by researchers from the National Bureau of Statistics and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
“It’s not that the employers don’t want to pay their employees; they just don’t know how,” said the lead author, Wang Jixiang, an economist at the National Institute of Public Administration.
“They don’t have the resources to pay for a wage increase.
So they give the workers the option to go and work less.”
To make matters worse, the study found that many workers, particularly younger ones, were taking on the extra burden.
And it shows that even though the government has been paying its employees less for decades, it’s still a big deal for them.
According to the study, about 25 percent of Chinese workers earned less than the government’s minimum wage, which was 1,600 yuan ($1,912) per month.
That’s nearly the equivalent of $1,400 in 2017 dollars.
But it’s a lot of money for the average worker who earns less than 1,000 yuan ($150).
For example, a 40-year-old woman with a bachelor’s degree earns about $1.50 per hour.
An adult with a college degree earns $2.50.
The study also showed that, while China has made a push to eliminate the stigma around poverty, there are still pockets of poverty.
The survey found that between 2012 and 2016, only about 4 percent of the country’s population lived in poverty.
But the number rose to nearly 12 percent by 2016, and has since dipped below 10 percent.
In other words, the country still has a lot to do to get people out of poverty and into the middle class, and it’s also a major problem for employers.
So what can they do to make the system work better?
There are several ways employers can try to boost the earnings of their employees.
One of the simplest is to pay them at the end of the month.
But even then, some employers may not have the money to pay employees overtime and to keep those employees working.
Another way is to make them work less.
But that may not be enough to keep the workers happy.
There’s also another option.
Some employers offer rewards to their employees who do the most.
For example at a McDonalds restaurant in Shanghai, a worker who has worked for an employer for 10 months gets a free meal.
If the worker also has a company-issued credit card, the reward is $100.
For some employers, those perks also include discounts to restaurants and hotels.
So workers are incentivized to work less, too.
And then there are other forms of incentives.
A recent study from the McKinsey Global Institute, a private research firm, found that Chinese workers have a lot more bargaining power when it comes to pay than American workers.
In fact, the median annual salary of Chinese factory workers is about $5,000 less than that of Americans, according to the McKinley report.
Another recent McKinsey study found workers in Shenzhen, China’s manufacturing hub, were earning about 13 percent less per hour than those in New York.
And the median hourly pay of Chinese restaurant workers in the city is about 18 percent less than what Americans make.
So the Chinese economy is a little bit of a puzzle.
But at least in the short term, the government and its policies have worked to improve the situation.
For now, the situation is a lot worse than it was in the 1980s, when Chinese factories were a major source of American jobs.
But with the rise of technology and globalization, it may be time for China to make up for lost ground.